260mc tasks: Final task: Western Motel


Task: create a 4-6 minute cinematic response to Edward Hopper’s, Western Motel.

Initial reactions:

  • 1940/50’s
  • bold colours
  • tarantino movie influence?
  • suitcase contents?
  • red dress, representation?

An American New Realist painter, Hopper’s main work reveals the interior of everyday urban buildings and the interaction of that environment with it’s residents. Windows and light are prominent, and the themes of boredom, loneliness and resignation.

The subject seems pensive. Looking out, waiting for something to happen, ‘for the action to begin’. We reflected this in the long pause before our actress moves from the bed. An underlying fear/apprehension is balanced with her strength. She appears to be daring us to lose eye contact, to look away first, and this is where I developed our film’s narrative from.

The setting, the suitcase, the strong female lead and the use of lines and shadow led us to film noir and it’s more recent predecessor, neo-noir. I researched The Maltese Falcon (1941) and Touch of Evil (1958 ) through to modern day noirs like Pulp Fiction (1994), Memento (2000) and Better Call Saul (2015-)

I looked at film noir’s tropes, researched it’s plot lines and pondered whether noir even was a genre in the true sense. Most theorists agreed the majority center around crime, have non classical narrative patterns often using flashbacks, voice overs or montage and have a non-chronological revealing of the narratives events.

Conard, M.T. and Porfirio, R. (2006) The philosophy of film noir. United States: The University Press of Kentucky.
(Conard and Porfirio, 2006)

I selected some stills from classic noir that we kept for reference. Lighting and shadow were going to be the main tools in perfecting our pastiche so I researched the influence Caravaggio and Rembrandt’s paintings and the German Expressionist film movement had on how most noir’s were lit and set. Using strong back lighting and less fill lights, often because low budgets dictated fewer lights available, and using the rule of thirds in scene composition.

FilmmakerIQ (2016b) The basics of lighting for film noir. Available at: http://filmmakeriq.com/lessons/the-basics-of-lighting-for-film-noir/ (Accessed: 14 November 2016).
(FilmmakerIQ, 2016b)

I developed our plot around a Femme Fatale who shot her husband and was now fleeing with a final piece of incriminating evidence she needed to dispose of. She carries a mysterious suitcase which we never see the bottom of and is never far from her side.


leicaTo recreate the look of film noir we used vintage lenses with a modern dslr. We had a Leica and a Pentacon 50mm but found the Pentacon most adaptable to our shot list.

We researched John Alton’s cinematography style and Saul Bass’s poster and opening titles artwork.

We attended a lecture by Reed O’Beirne who explained that a short film’s credits need to be as good, if not better, than our films and we have taken this to heart.

Emerald Reels presents Reed O’Beirne (1995) Available at: http://www.emeraldreels.com/reed.htm (Accessed: 8 December 2016).
(Emerald Reels presents Reed O’Beirne, 1995)
We booked out the green screen in the TV studio and filmed a silhouette of our actress and suitcase that we could incorporate into our titles.Although we would have loved to totally step back in time for our film the lack of locations and budget let us down so we opted for new meets old style, like the remake of Psycho (1998) where the setting was present day but the wardrobe and some props were vintage.


The opening scene was to feature our protagonist looking down the barrel of a smoking gun. The gun and smoke were to be of main importance so needed to stay in sharp focus, and have the most light, while our actresses face needed less light and could fall into soft focus, just enough for her to be recognisable to the audience as the shooter when we see her in the following scene.


I secured a hotel room to film our second scene and the bed, carpet and wallpaper really echoed Hopper’s use of strong lines and colour.

I tried to use the natural light from the window along with lamps in the room. Adding an LED and small spotlight for emphasis when our protagonist finally discovers the lost handkerchief at the climax of the scene.


The final night scene proved most challenging but filming in November was an advantage, drizzle and light fog made our dark cobbled street very atmospheric. We used the street’s overhead light as back lighting with an additional side light. Two LED panels mimicked police search lights. A strip LED was used for fill lighting on the face and we tried to harness the dark shadows as a background for our femme fatale to merge into.

My role was as Producer/Director/Cinematographer and helped to direct the editing process. As a group we rotated many roles and everyone tried to input as many ideas as possible. This seemed to work really well and I am proud of our final piece.

If I could improve anything I would improve time management. We needed longer to perfect our edit with attention to color grading and contrast. I’d also like to add in an additional shot of our actress stepping into the doorway before the close up. It would give the audience more information, yet something we didn’t consider until the edit when we had no time to shoot additional scenes.


184jkim• (2014) Edward hopper – ‘Western Motel’ 1957. Available at: https://jkim184.wordpress.com/2014/12/12/edward-hopper-western-motel-1957/ (Accessed: 5 November 2016).

30774, fra (2012) 26 movie opening sequence with a great idea. Available at: https://thisisnotadvertising.wordpress.com/2012/10/11/26-movie-opening-sequence-with-a-great-idea/ (Accessed: 3 December 2016).

Artist, C. and work, orphan (1957) Western motel. Available at: http://artgallery.yale.edu/collections/objects/52875 (Accessed: 4 November 2016).

Bass, E. of S. (2013) Film posters. Available at: http://www.saulbassposterarchive.com/gallery/film-posters/ (Accessed: 3 November 2016).

Block or Die: Lessons from Orson Welles (no date) Available at: http://nofilmschool.com/2016/11/pre-blocking-movies-orson-welles (Accessed: 17 November 2016).

Brown, B. (2011) Cinematography: Theory and practice, Second edition: Image making for Cinematographers and directors. 2nd edn. Amsterdam: Elsevier/Focal Press.

BUFVC (2002a) Home · BoB. Available at: https://learningonscreen.ac.uk/ondemand/index.php/prog/0000E859?bcast=122012920 (Accessed: 20 November 2016).

BUFVC (2002b) Home · BoB. Available at: https://learningonscreen.ac.uk/ondemand/index.php/prog/000E6839?bcast=106277896 (Accessed: 25 November 2016).

Bunge, M. (2014) Psycho (1960) vs. Psycho (1998). Available at: http://kimt.com/2014/11/14/psycho-1960-vs-psycho-1998/ (Accessed: 26 November 2016).

Conard, M.T. and Porfirio, R. (2006) The philosophy of film noir. United States: The University Press of Kentucky.

Crowther, B. (1989) Film noir: Reflections in a dark mirror. New York: Continuum Intl Pub Group.

Double Indemnity (1944) Available at: https://www.netflix.com/title/60030178 (Accessed: 10 November 2016).

Edward hopper (2016) in Wikipedia. Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Hopper (Accessed: 4 November 2016).

Film noir – films (2016) Available at: http://www.filmsite.org/filmnoir.html (Accessed: 1 December 2016).

Film noir | the movie title stills collection (no date) Available at: http://annyas.com/screenshots/film-noir/ (Accessed: 4 December 2016).

FilmmakerIQ (2016a) 5 elements of a great Chroma key. Available at: http://filmmakeriq.com/lessons/5-elements-of-a-great-chromakey/ (Accessed: 1 December 2016).

FilmmakerIQ (2016b) The basics of lighting for film noir. Available at: http://filmmakeriq.com/lessons/the-basics-of-lighting-for-film-noir/ (Accessed: 14 November 2016).

jfkturner and profile, V. my complete (1922) Light and dark. Available at: http://thedelightsofseeing.blogspot.co.uk/2010/11/light-and-dark.html (Accessed: 13 November 2016).

JOHN ALTON (1955) Available at: http://www.cinematographers.nl/GreatDoPh/alton.htm (Accessed: 4 November 2016).

Kaufman, D. (2015) ‘Better call Saul’: The formats, framing and film noir influences of the series. Available at: http://www.creativeplanetnetwork.com/news/produce/better-call-saul-formats-framing-and-film-noir-influences-series/608600 (Accessed: 8 November 2016).

Late work (2013) Available at: http://www.artic.edu/aic/collections/exhibitions/hopper/latework (Accessed: 5 November 2016).

Mc, W. and profile, V. my complete (2013) CHARACTERISTICS OF FILM NOIR. Available at: http://filmnoir-sunsetboulevard.blogspot.co.uk/2013/04/characteristics-of-film-noir.html (Accessed: 8 November 2016).

Naremore, J. (2008) More than night: Film noir in its contexts. 2nd edn. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Renée, V. (2014) Fog, smoke, & haze: The Swiss army knives of cinematography tools. Available at: http://nofilmschool.com/2014/05/fog-smoke-haze-the-swiss-army-knives-of-cinematography-tools (Accessed: 27 November 2016).

Saul Bass title sequences 1959 – 1962 | the movie title stills collection (1964) Available at: http://annyas.com/screenshots/saul-bass-title-sequences-3/ (Accessed: 3 November 2016).

TheOnlyZaboy (2015) Memento, the neo noir. Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aLgiRkriG6E (Accessed: 8 December 2016).

Touch of Evil (1958) Available at: https://www.netflix.com/title/60002728 (Accessed: 17 November 2016).

Verstappen, H. (no date) Saul Bass. Available at: http://www.artofthetitle.com/designer/saul-bass/ (Accessed: 3 December 2016).

www, P. (2009) Western motel, 1957 by Edward hopper. Available at: http://www.edwardhopper.net/western-motel.jsp (Accessed: 4 November 2016).


260mc: Remake

I wanted to remake my soundscape task for several reasons: I didn’t dedicate as much time to the original piece as I would have liked; I was quite disappointed with how it had turned out and had definite ideas of how I’d like to improve it; I have recently learnt more about using audio effects; but most of all I really enjoy making my own foley so knew it would be lots of fun.

Before I started I went on Amazon and invested in a few props. A plastic watering can, a jaw harp, a small metal slinky and a metal ruler.

The first sound I worked on was the rain. I needed a good clear sound to replace the shower sound, with it’s added water pressure noise, that made my whole piece sound like a poor quality recording contaminated with background noise. I used the watering can to sprinkle water onto the side of a plastic bucket. After several attempts I managed to get the can to the right height to produce the correct sound, but it was only right for about 10 seconds so I looped the track and added a little reverb to make it more natural sounding.

I wanted to introduce a little thunder to the beginning of the sequence. My friend suggested dragging a wheelie bin for a short distance as she often mistakes that sound for thunder. I tried this out but sadly the recorded noise was quite different to the one my ears picked up. If I had booked out the boom along with the H5 I think I may have captured a more accurate sound, so will definitely remember to book that out for next time.

I researched how to make a thunder tube and set about making my own with the materials below.


Unfortunately the only spring I had was too wide to produce the correct sound but it made an amazing space invaders/light saber sound which I have added to my sound bank for a future project.

Back to the drawing board I thought I’d try out the marbles rolling in a wooden box technique. Minus any marbles or a wooden box I resorted to some chunky beads in a shoe box. I slowed the sound down to half it’s normal speed and cut it to just a few seconds. This seemed to work well and I was pleased with the final sound but felt the rain and thunder should maybe not play all the way through the track. I wanted to emphasise the children’s boredom so recorded a clock ticking which would come in as the rain faded out.

Some of the original sound effects I had used were good but just not loud enough to have the impact I intended. I turned up the audio gain on both the bouncing ball sound and on the BUMP noise. I also removed me saying the word BUMP so the noise stood out more and almost ‘spoke for itself’.

Now to introduce the more comic/Looney Tunes sounds I had been inspired by on researching my first attempt. These noises seemed to have more of an affinity with The Cat so I chose to introduce them as he stepped in on the mat. After about half an hour practicing with the harp jaw I managed to produce quite a good BOING noise so recorded this along with a BOING from twanging the metal ruler on the side of the table. I placed both noises over one another and really like their combined sound. I slightly tweaked the TA-DA noise to make it a bit more mechanical sounding and then looked at the music I used to end my original recording. I was happy with the original closing music as it seemed to match well with my other sounds but it came in abruptly and ended too quickly, in order to keep to the one minute time limit. To get around this I introduced the music a lot sooner with a gradual fade and then faded it back out over a few seconds.

I replayed my soundscape to my class on Friday and this time no one had a single criticism. In fact, everyone really seemed to like it. They may have just been being nice but it really made me feel like the extra time I invested in the piece was well worth it and I would love to go on to record the full story with more handmade sound effects.


fartfx3 (2009a) CRASH! BANG! BOOM! The wild sounds of Treg brown part1. Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Xqaeds-wO4A (Accessed: 8 November 2016).

fartfx3 (2009b) CRASH! BANG! BOOM! The wild sounds of Treg brown part2. Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x6IeTsHfcvU (Accessed: 12 November 2016).

Greg Wilson Honrado (2012) How to make a thunder or lightning sound. Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eGEMKa2mK5A (Accessed: 25 November 2016).

Hermann Huber (2014) Best of coyote and roadrunner (2) – cartoon (english). Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jd_41tM6H2Y (Accessed: 25 November 2016).

Peter Brown (2015) Making a thunder tube. Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nd3LQ7kYvWA (Accessed: 25 November 2016).

Smith, J.P. (2016) DIY sound effects | make: Available at: http://makezine.com/projects/diy-sound-effects/ (Accessed: 25 November 2016).


260mc: Soundscape task

I really enjoyed this task. I was originally going to choose quite a dark poem about death and have a clock ticking and chimes chiming to imply the impending doom. But then I started creating my own sounds and realized how much fun that could be so decided to make my soundscape something silly and fun too.  Wile. E. Coyote and The Roadrunner cartoons were my inspiration, as their sound effects were always greatly exaggerated and added a lot of humour to the poor coyote’s never ending failure.


I picked an excerpt from Dr.Seuss’s The Cat in the Hat as it used to be one of my daughter’s favorite stories when she was little and I knew most of it by heart. I think this really helps with reciting a poem or piece of prose. Otherwise you often just sound like you are reading from a page.


Before I started creating any foley myself I researched Treg Brown who created many of the Looney Tunes sound effects you may remember from cartoons.

Greatly inspired but, sadly, minus a Hawaiian guitar I set to work. As the story is about being stuck in the house on a rainy day the first thing I needed to recreate was rain. I didn’t have a watering can and the famous British weather, for once, wasn’t giving us any actual rain. So I experimented with aiming the shower at different things until I got the right sound. An empty plastic bottle seemed to work best.


For the play ball I found a pom pom covered Christmas bauble which I bounced on a wooden floor and repeatedly caught. It sounded surprisingly like a bouncing ball hitting off a wall, like you would do if you were bored and couldn’t go out to play.

For the Sit! Sit! Sit! Sit! part I moved a chair about in time with the words, well not quite in time. I actually had to slow the thuds down slightly, but eventually I got them just right.

For the BUMP I shouldered a wooden door and then added some reverb and bass. This is my favorite sound that I created as I can imagine Wile.E.Coyote slamming into something and making just this noise.


For the Ta Da noise I folded up some paper like a fan and blew into it and then added a few audio effects.

And to finish I added the theme tune to Bod.

If I could change anything about my soundscape it would be the rain track I made. The shower made a great rain sound but it also produced an annoying background hiss from the water pressure. Not having much experience with sound editing and using Audition I had no idea how to isolate the hiss and remove it. This, in turn, meant I couldn’t bring the sound of the rain up very loud without the hiss making my whole soundscape sound like a poor quality recording. This was confirmed when I played it to my task group who all thought the rain effect was actually just static in the background that needed removing.

Next time I think a child’s watering can pouring water from a height onto some plastic sheeting would create a far more natural sound or I could even try the bacon frying trick we learnt in lectures last week.


I would also be braver with my sounds and include more of them. Both the bouncing ball and the BUMP almost got missed by the audience as they were so quiet. You add a sound for a reason so it is important that your audience hears it, otherwise they miss the mood or message you are trying to convey. I think I need to think a little more theatrically with my soundscape and not tone everything down quite so much.

Next term I plan to dedicate some time each week to using Audition and watching the tutorials on Lynda.com and continue collecting sounds around me to make my own Sound Bank. Hopefully this will help me improve my sound editing skills while also allowing me to have fun with sounds until I can produce something Treg Brown himself would be proud of!


fartfx3 (2009a) CRASH! BANG! BOOM! The wild sounds of Treg brown part1. Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Xqaeds-wO4A (Accessed: 8 November 2016).

fartfx3 (2009b) CRASH! BANG! BOOM! The wild sounds of Treg brown part2. Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x6IeTsHfcvU (Accessed: 12 November 2016).

Loren (1998) Homemade sound effects with big-budget impact. Available at: https://www.videomaker.com/article/c9/3186-homemade-sound-effects-with-big-budget-impact (Accessed: 8 December 2016).

Seuss (1999) The cat in the hat. 5th edn. New York: Random House USA Children’s Books.

Sound FX challenge: Bacon vs. Rain- VideoBlocks (2015) Available at: http://content.videoblocks.com/stock-videos/video-gallery/bacon-vs-rain/ (Accessed: 25 November 2016).

260mc: Photographing the Face: Long Portrait



This week we looked at Photographing the Face and more specifically, Moving Portraits or Cinemagraphs. I loved the idea of capturing the essence of someone in a single moment in time and being able to relive it over and over. Capturing someone as they are for one minute on one day, as they may never be again, as the world around us changes so rapidly.

I researched other moving portrait projects from some famous photographers/artists. I really loved Rob & Lauren’s idea of capturing a babies movement and expressions and it has inspired me to consider a similar project for the future capturing the first few minutes of a child’s life as soon as they are born, immortalised on film.

But my main inspiration was GAME FACE The Art of Photographing Game Players (2000-2013) http://www.gamescenes.org/gamephotography.html
Although stills instead of moving images, I felt this series of photos had a similar idea to what I hoped to convey. The capturing of being caught up in a moment, whether it be by video games or books or anything else someone has a great passion for.

My Moving/Long portrait is called Firing the Imagination and is meant to convey how books spark our imaginations and inspire us with new images and ideas. My daughter often likes to sit and read in front of the fire so I set her up with her favourite Harry Potter book and asked her to read for a while as I set up my equipment. I was hoping to convey a rich warm orange glow to the piece and hoped I could do this with the light from the fire alone. The first angle I arranged looked really nice but as soon as I took a few stills I realized that the fire was taking up too much of the shot and it was easy to be distracted by the flames and miss the book altogether as both the book and the subject were too much in shadow.


It was evident I needed to reposition and add in an extra light source to highlight the book. I moved closer to my subject cropping out a lot of the background. I then added a small led strip light on the floor under the book but the light was initially far too white really contrasting against the fires red and orange tones. So I used a red filter placed on top of a yellow filter over the led light. This looked far more natural but the image was still quite harsh. I removed the standard kit lens from my Sony A6000 and replaced it with a vintage Pentacon 50mm lens. This gave me a much softer and more pleasing image. I positioned myself so the flames of the fire were behind the book so you could image the flames were eminating from the pages of the open book as ideas jump from words into your mind as you read them. I opened the aperture up to f1.4 and focused on the corner of the book and the wisps of my daughter’s hair blowing in the breeze from the fire.

I’m really happy with how the final portrait looks but think if I was to reshoot the scene I would get my daughter to hold the book a little higher into the shot and maybe light her face from below a little more. Although I would need to be careful to avoid making the scene looked contrived. Allowing her to just sit and read as I did, with only very minimal outside lighting, helped to add to the film’s natural/looking in from the outside feel.

I would also have liked to be a little more experimental with this project. While researching Moving Portraits I came across the medium of Tallscreen: filming in a vertical/portrait view rather than the traditional horizontal landscape view we are all used to.



Obviously vertical shooting lends itself particularly well to photographing the face, hence why this shooting angle is referred to as portrait. But I was a bit nervous to try out this technique as I didn’t know enough about how to convert the footage once I had captured it. I have since discovered a helpful article/tutorial and think I could definitely give it a go. Using a different filming angle would have made my piece stand out more, would have strengthened the idea that it was a portrait and would have gained me new knowledge in editing in vertical.


Emerald Reels presents Reed O’Beirne (1995) Available at: http://www.emeraldreels.com/reed.htm (Accessed: 8 December 2016).

FEATURE: GAME FACE (2011) Available at: http://www.gamescenes.org/gamephotography.html (Accessed: 8 November 2016).

FRONT (2015) Available at: http://www.graemedunn.com (Accessed: 8 November 2016).

Lauren (2016) Cole // newborn moving portrait. Available at: https://vimeo.com/36252916 (Accessed: 8 December 2016).

Percy & Reed: Collection 2010 [Portrait Version] (2016) Available at: https://vimeo.com/groups/tallscreen/videos/15573765 (Accessed: 10 November 2016).

Sontag, S. (2001) On photography. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

Vimeo (2016) || tallscreen. Available at: https://vimeo.com/groups/tallscreen/page:1/sort:date (Accessed: 8 November 2016).